Why are Buffers necessary?

Riparian (streamside) and wetland buffers do the following:

  • Naturally vegetated buffers filter out excessive nutrients and other nonpoint source pollutants in runoff, before they reach streams, lakes, wetlands and embankments.

  • Moderate runoff and stream temperatures

  • Control the velocity, quantity and quality of stream flows

  • Enhance wildlife habitat and diversity

  • Stabilize stream banks and reduce channel erosion

  • Provide leaf litter as food for animals at the base of the food chain

  • Reduce nitrogen from shallow groundwater flows to streams

  • Reduce potential formation of fish migration barriers

  • Enhance recreational opportunities

  • Increase property values